SHIRAZ(شیراز) is the capital city of Fars province and a treasure trove of Persian culture. It is also the former capital
of Iran, during the Zand dynasty’s era (1747-79), and also the celebrated birthplace of the great Persian poets Hafiz
and Saadi. It is also been said to be the origin of one of the best wines in the world called Syrah. The city has a
population of about 1,300,000.
There is a tourist information on the main boulevard a bit west of the palace. They speak English and can give
helpful tips and have English maps.
• Pasargad was a Persian capital built by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC. Around 500 BC, Darius I built a new
capital at Persepolis 50 km away. Both are now listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List and both are near Shiraz
Takht-e-Jamshid (Persepolis) – The centre of the great Persian Empire, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenians
and the showpiece of Achaemenian art, Persepolis (Capital of Persia in Greek) is a historic site in Fars Province, 60
km to the northeast of Shiraz. Iranians call it Takht-e Jamshid (The throne of Jamshid), Jamshid being the first,
probably mythical, ruler of Iran. This magnificent court was the summer residence of the Achaemenian emperors
and their official reception quarters. It must be by some strange accident of history that Persepolis was never
mentioned in foreign records, for it was here that representatives of all the varied peoples of the empire gathered to
pay homage, and bring tribute, to the King of Kings, probably each spring, at the time of the ancient Now Ruz
festival. Although set on fire and destroyed by Alexander in a gesture symbolizing the destruction of Persian imperial
power, its still impressive ruins permit a fairly complete reconstruction of its original appearance. Entrance fee
200,000 rial (not including optional guide or museum entrance)
Naqsh-e Rustam (Necropolis) – Naqsh-e Rustam is an ancient necropolis located about 12 km northwest of
Persepolis, in Fars Province, Iran, with a group of ancient Iranian rock reliefs cut into the cliff, from both the
Achaemenid and Sassanid periods. Entrance fee 200,000 rial.
Hafez Tomb– Mausoleum of Hafez- Hafez (1324-1391), the greatest master of Persian lyric poetry and the
literary giant of the 14th century in the west and central Asia, was born in Shiraz, lived all his life here, sang its
praises in unsurpassed verse and was buried in a garden known after him as the Hafezieh, in the northeast part
of the city. The extraordinary popularity and the wide appeal of this great poet among all Persian-speaking
people make his tomb a cherished placed, visited by all. This mausoleum too was rebuilt in the early 50’s. A
flight of stone steps reaches to the tomb under a tiled cupola resembling a dervish’s hat. The tombstone is
beautifully inscribed with two of Hafez’s poems or Ghazals. Visitors to the tomb can still, as they have done for
centuries, take the omens, or faals, by picking a page at random from a volume of Hafez, kept for this purpose. Entry 200,000 rials for foreigners. Overpriced.
Saadi Tomb– Mausoleum of Saadi: Here lie the earthly remains of one of Iran’s greatest poets-Sa’di. Even
from the very early days after the poet’s death, the mausoleum of Sa’di became a place of pilgrimage to lovers of
poetry and literature. In 1808 AD Karim Khan Zand renovated the mausoleum. The tomb was rebuilt in the
early 50’s. The porch with its tall columns of pinkish marble is a traditional feature of Iranian architecture.
Arg of Karim Khan– formerly a prison, but now an architectural wonder on exhibit. The design of the citadel
combines military and residential architecture, for it was the home of Karim Khan and the military centre of
the dynasty. Tile works depicting legendary tales were added at the entrance gate of the citadel during the Qajar period.